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1 Zeller, H.
Laxantien
Möglichkeiten und Grenzen, dargestellt am Beispiel eines pflanzlichen Laxans
tpk, 1988, 2(1), 35-39
Purgative therapy, Observational trial, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Gastrointestinal tract, Phytomedicine, Constipation
2 Albrecht, U.; Lüdtke, R.
Prüfplan der Studie: Schröpftherapie der Brachialgie (Zusammenfassung)
Albrecht, H., Frühwald, M. (Hrsg.): Jahrbuch der Karl und Veronica Carstens-Stiftung, Band 3 (1996), 1997, 209-210
Purgative therapy, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Brachialgia, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Randomized trial, Cupping
3 Michalsen, A.; Deuse, U.; Esch, T.; Dobos, G.; Moebus, S.
Effect of leeches therapy (Hirudo medicinalis) in painful osteoarthritis of the knee
A pilot study
Ann Rheum Dis , o.J., o.Jg., 1 (Internet)
Purgative therapy, Arthrosis, Leech therapy, Nutrition/diet, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Non-randomized trial
4 Michalsen, A.; Moebus, S.; Spahn, G.; Esch, T.; Langhorst, J.; Dobos, G.
Leech Therapy for Symptomatic Treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis: Results and Implications of a Pilot Study
Altern Ther Health Med, 2002, 8(5), 84-88
Purgative therapy, Arthrosis, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Leech therapy, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Non-randomized trial
5 Stange, R.; Moser, C.; Uehleke, B.; Bühring, M.
Randomized controlled trial with leeches in patients with gonarthrosis
Altern Ther, 2001, 7(3), 74 (Abstract)
Purgative therapy, Arthrosis, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Leech therapy, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Randomized trial
6 Chepeha, D.B.; Nussenbaum, B.; Bradford, C.R.; Teknos, T.N.
Leech therapy for patients with surgically unsalvageable venous obstruction after revascularized free tissue transfer
Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg, 2002, 128, 960-965
Purgative therapy, Observational trial, Leech therapy, Skin diseases, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Cancer, Malignant melanoma, Retrospective design, Wound healing
7 Michalsen, A.; Klotz, S.; Lüdtke, R.; Moebus, S.; Spahn, G.
Effectiveness of leech therapy in osteoarthritis of the knee
A randomized, controlled trial
Ann Intern Med, 2003, 139(9), 724-730
Purgative therapy, Arthrosis, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Leech therapy, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Randomized trial
8 Salikhov, I.G.; Lapshina, S.A.; Salikhova, D.I.; Mukhina, R.G.; Khabirov, R.A.; Abdrakipov, R.Z.; Latfullina, F.H.
Effect of leeches therapy (Hirudo medicinalis) in periarticular symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis
European League against Rheumatism (EULAR) (ed.): Annual European Congress of Rheumatology, 12-15 July 2002, Stockholm, Sweden, 2002, gesamt (Internet; Abstract)
Purgative therapy, Arthritis, Arthrosis, Observational trial, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Leech therapy, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine
9 Rampp, T.A.; Michalsen, A.; Deuse, U.; Lüdtke, R.; Spahn, G.; Dobos, G.J.
Pain-relieving effect of topical cantharidin plaster in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis
FACT, 2003, 8(4), 531 (Abstract; Symposiumsbeitrag)
Purgative therapy, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Cantharidal plaster, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Non-randomized trial, Back pain (non-specific), spinal stenosis
10 Tuomainen, T.-P.; Salonen, R.; Nyyssönen, K.; Salonen, J.T.
Cohort study of relation between donating blood and risk of myocardial infarction in 2682 men in eastern Finland
BMJ, 1997, 314, 793-794
Purgative therapy, Bloodletting, Observational trial, Heart attack, Cardiovascular diseases, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Prevention
11 Meyers, D.G.; Strickland, D.; Maloley, P.A.; Seburg, J.J.; Wilson, J.E.
Possible association of a reduction in cardiovascular events with blood donation
Heart, 1997, 78, 188-193
Purgative therapy, Bloodletting, Arteriosclerosis, Observational trial, Heart attack, Cardiovascular diseases, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Coronary heart disease
12 Salonen, J.T.; Korpela, H.; Nyyssönen, K.; Porkkala, E.; Tuomainen, T.-P.; Belcher, J.D.; Jacobs, D.R.; Salonen, R.
Lowering of body iron stores by blood letting and oxidation resistance of serum lipoproteins
A randomized cross-over trial in male smokers
J Intern Med, 1995, 237, 161-168
Purgative therapy, Bloodletting, Antioxidants, Nutrition/diet, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Randomized trial
13 Zidek, W.; Tenschert, W.; Karoff, C.; Vetter, H.
Treatment of Resistant Hypertension by Phlebotomy
Klin Wschr, 1985, 63, 762-764
Purgative therapy, Bloodletting, Observational trial, High blood pressure, Cardiovascular diseases, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine
14 Zacharski, L.R.; Chow, B.; Lavori, P.; Howes, P.S.; Bell, M.R.; Tammaso, M.A. di; Carnegie,N.M.; Bech, F.; Amidi, M.; Muluk, S.
The Iron (Fe) and Atherosclerosis Study (FeAST)
A pilot study of reduction of body iron stores in atherosclerotic peripheral vascular disease
Am Heart J, 2000, 139(2), 337-345
Purgative therapy, Bloodletting, Arteriosclerosis, Cardiovascular diseases, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Randomized trial
15 Weber, W.
Funktionelle Bewertung biologischer Heilverfahren auf Oberbauch- und Darmfunktion mit Thermocheck
EHK, 2005, 54(5), 302-304
Purgative therapy, Observational trial, Colon cleansing, Diet, Diagnostics, Nutrition/diet, Hepa Gastreu, Homeopathy, Clinical research, Kombinationsarzneimittel, Complementary and alternative medicine, Gastrointestinal tract, Pankreas-Gastreu, Randomized trial, Thermographie
16 Ernst, E.; Matrai, A.; Kollar, L.
Placebo-controlled, double-blind study of haemodilution in peripheral arterial disease
Lancet, 1987, 2, 1449-1451
Purgative therapy, Bloodletting, Circulatory disorder, Cardiovascular diseases, Claudication, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Placebo-controlled, Randomized trial
17 Olsson, K.S.; Vaisanen, M.; Konar, J.; Bruce, A.
The effect of withdrawal of food iron fortification in Sweden as studied with phlebotomy in subjects with genetic hemochromatosis
Eur J Clin Nutr, 1997, 51(11), 782-786
Purgative therapy, Bloodletting, Blood/Lymphatic system, Nutrition/diet, Haemochromatosis, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Non-randomized trial
18 Malina, L.; Chlumský, J.
A comparative study of the results of phlebotomy therapy and low-dose chloroquine treatment in porphyria cutanea tarda
Acta Derm Venerol, 1981, 61(4), 346-350
Purgative therapy, Bloodletting, Chloroquin, Skin diseases, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Non-randomized trial, Porphyria, Metabolic diseases
19 Dayton, L.M.; McCullougy, R.E.; Scheinhorn, D.J.; Weil, J.V.
Symptomatic and pulmonary response to acute phlebotomy in secondary polycythemia
Chest, 1975, 68(6), 785-790
Purgative therapy, Bloodletting, Respiratory diseases, Blood/Lymphatic system, Emphysema, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Lung, Placebo-controlled, Polycythemia, Randomized trial
20 Lüdtke, R.; Albrecht, U.; Stange, R.; Uehleke, B.
Brachialgia paraesthetica nocturna can be relieved by "wet cupping"
Results of a randomised pilot study
Complement Ther Med, 2006, 14(4), 247-253
Purgative therapy, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Brachialgia, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Randomized trial, Cupping
21 Zacharski, L.R.; Chow, B.K.; Howes, P.S.; Shamayeva, G.; Baron, J.A.; Dalman, R.L.; Malenka, D.J.; Ozaki, C.K.; Lavori, P.W.
Reduction of iron stores and cardiovascular outcomes in patients with peripheral arterial disease
A randomized controlled trial
JAMA, 2007, 297(6), 603-610
Purgative therapy, Bloodletting, Blood/Lymphatic system, Cardiovascular diseases, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Randomized trial, Metabolic diseases
22 Bäcker, M.; Michalsen, A.; Lüdtke, R.; Cesur, O.; Afra, D.; Rampp, T.; Fink, M.; Bachmann, J.; Dobos, G.J.
Treatment of lateral epicondylitis by leeches
A randomised controlled trial
FACT, 2006, 11(Suppl. 1), 4-5 (Symposiumsbeitrag; Abstract)
Purgative therapy, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Leech therapy, Epicondylitis, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Randomized trial
23 Michalsen, A.; Lüdtke, R.; Cesur, Ö.; Afra, D.; Bäcker, M.; Fink, M.; Dobos, G.
Leeches in osteoarthritis of the thumb
A randomised clinical trial
FACT, 2006, 11(Suppl. 1), 29 (Symposiumsbeitrag; Abstract)
Purgative therapy, Arthrosis, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Leech therapy, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Randomized trial
24 anonymous
Lokaltherapie bei oberflächlicher Thrombophlebitis
tpk, 1990, 4(10), 533-534
Purgative therapy, Leech therapy, Cardiovascular diseases, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Placebo-controlled, Randomized trial, Thrombophlebitis
25 Ahmed, S.M.; Madbouly, N.H.; Maklad, S.S.; Abu-Shady, E.A.
Immunomodulatory effects of blood letting cupping therapy in patients with rheumatoid arthritis
Egypt J Immunol, 2005, 12(2), 39-51
Purgative therapy, Arthritis, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Immunomodulation, Immune system, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Non-randomized trial, Rheumatic diseases, Cupping
26 Melchart, D; Vogt, S.; Köhler, W.; Streng, A.; Weidenhammer, W.; Kremers, L.; Hickel, R.; Felgenhauer, N.; Zilker, T.; Wühr, E.; Halbach, S.
Treatment of health complaints attributed to amalgam
J Dent Res, 2008, 87(4), 349-353
Purgative therapy, Amalgam filling, Nutrition/diet, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Mercurius, Randomized trial, Trace elements, Vitamins, Dental diseases
27 Andereya, S.; Stanzel, S.; Maus, U.; Mueller-Rath, R.; Mumme, T.; Siebert, C.H.; Stock, F.; Schneider, F.
Assessment of leech therapy for knee osteoarthritis
A randomized study
Acta Orthopaedica, 2008, 79(2), 235-242
Purgative therapy, Arthrosis, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Leech therapy, Clinical research, Knee arthrosis, Complementary and alternative medicine, Randomized trial
28 Reuter, U.; Oettmeier, R.
Funktionelle Summationsdiagnostik bei Krebspatienten
Basis der biologischen Therapie
KIM, 2008, 49(7), 17-24
Purgative therapy, Treatment concept, Observational trial, Breast cancer, Colon hydrotherapy, Diagnostics, EAV, Case report, Ethnomedicine, Homeopathy, Hyperthermia, Kinesiology, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Cancer, Malignant melanoma, Practice, Regulationsthermographie, Retrospective design, Shamanism, Thermotherapy
29 Farhadi, K.; Schwebel, D.C.; Saeb, M.; Choubsaz, M.; Mohammadi, R.; Ahmadi, A.
The effectiveness of wet-cupping for nonspecific low back pain in Iran
A randomized controlled trial
Complement Ther Med, 2009, 17(1), 9-1531
Purgative therapy, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Low back pain, Randomized trial, Cupping
30 Ahmadi, A.; Schwebel, D.C.; Rezaei, M.
The efficacy of wet-cupping in the treatment of tension-type and migraine headache
Am J Chin Med, 2008, 36(1), 37-44
Purgative therapy, Observational trial, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Headache, Migraine, Nervous system, Cupping
31 Ullah, K.
An investigation into the effect of cupping therapy as a treatment for anterior knee pain and its potential role in health promotion
Internet J Altern Med, 2007, 4(1), gesamt
Purgative therapy, Arthrosis, Observational trial, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Clinical research, Knee arthrosis, Complementary and alternative medicine, Pain, Cupping
32 Rieckmann, T.
Langzeiteffekte einer einmaligen Blutegeltherapie bei Gonarthrose
2008, 1-104 (Dissertation)
Purgative therapy, Arthrosis, Observational trial, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Leech therapy, Assesment, Clinical research, Knee arthrosis, Complementary and alternative medicine, Patient satisfaction, Retrospective design
33 Michalsen, A.; Bock, S.; Lüdtke, R.; Rampp, T.; Baecker, M.; Bachmann, J.; Langhorst, J.; Musial, F.; Dobos, G.J.
Effects of traditional cupping therapy in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome
A randomized controlled trial
J Pain, 2009, 10(6), 601-608
Purgative therapy, Carpal tunnel syndrome, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Nervous system, Randomized trial, Cupping
34 Michalsen, A.; Lüdtke, R.; Cesur, Ö.; Afra, D.; Musial, F.; Baecker, M.; Fink, M.; Dobos, G.J.
Effectiveness of leech therapy in women with symptomatic arthrosis of the first carpometacarpal joint
A randomized controlled trial
Pain, 2008, 137, 452-459
Purgative therapy, Arthrosis, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Leech therapy, Gynaecology, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Randomized trial
35 Rampp, T.; Michalsen, A.; Lüdtke, R.; Musial, F.; Kremer, G.; Dobos, G.J.
Schmerzlindernde Wirkung von Cantharidenpflaster bei lumbaler Spinalkanalstenose
Forsch Komplementärmed, 2009, 16(4), 246-250
Purgative therapy, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Cantharidal plaster, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Nervous system, Non-randomized trial, Back pain (non-specific), spinal stenosis
36 Houschyar, K.; Lüdtke, R.; Rampp, T.; Dobos, G.; Michalsen, A.
Phlebotomy (bloodletting) in patients with metabolic syndrome
A randomized controlled trial
Eur J Integr Med, 2009, 1(4), 187-188 (Abstract; Symposiumsbeitrag)
Purgative therapy, Bloodletting, Healthy probands, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Metabolic syndrome, Randomized trial, Metabolic diseases
37 Lauche, R.; Cramer, H.; Rampp, T.; Saha, F.; Dobos, G.J.; Musial, F.
The influence of a series of 5 dry cupping treatments on neck pain and mechanical thresholds
A randomized controlled pilto study
International Society for Complementary Medicine Research (ICCMR): ICCMR 2010. 5th International Congress on Complementary Medicine Research., 2010, 31-32 (Symposiumsbeitrag; Abstract)
Purgative therapy, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Neck pain, Randomized trial, Cupping
38 Stock, F.
Der Einsatz von Blutegeln zur symptomatischen Schmerztherapie bei Patienten mit Arthrose des Kniegelenks
2009, 1-106 (Dissertation)
Purgative therapy, Arthrosis, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Leech therapy, Clinical research, Knee arthrosis, Complementary and alternative medicine, Randomized trial, Rheumatic diseases, Pain
39 Salonen, J.T.; Tuomainen, T.P.; Solonen, R.; Lakka, T.A.; Nyyssonen, K.
Donation of blood is associated with reduced risk of myocardial infarction
The Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study
Am J Epidemiol, 1998, 148(5), 445-451
Purgative therapy, Bloodletting, Andrology, Heart attack, Cardiovascular diseases, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Non-randomized trial, Prevention
40 Fernandez-Real, J.M.; Lopez-Bermejo, A.; Ricart, W.
Iron stores, blood donation, and insulin sensitivity and secretion
Clin Chem, 2005, 51(7), 1201-1205
Purgative therapy, Bloodletting, Diabetes mellitus, Healthy probands, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Non-randomized trial, Metabolic diseases
41 Fernandez-Real, J.M.; Penarroja, G.; Castro, A.; Garcia-Bragado, F.; Hernandez-Aguado, I.; Ricart, W.
Blood-letting in high-ferritin type 2 diabetes
Effects of insulin sensitivity and beta-cell function
Diabetes, 2002, 51, 1000-1004
Purgative therapy, Bloodletting, Blood/Lymphatic system, Diabetes mellitus, Haemochromatosis, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Randomized trial, Metabolic diseases
42 Fernandez-Real, J.M.; Penarroja, G.; Castro, A.; Garcia-Bragado, F.; Lopez-Bermejo, A.; Ricart, W.
Blood letting in high-ferritin type 2 diabetes
Effects on vascular reactivity
Diabetes Care, 2002, 25(12), 2249-2255
Purgative therapy, Bloodletting, Andrology, Blood/Lymphatic system, Diabetes mellitus, Haemochromatosis, Cardiovascular diseases, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Coronary heart disease, Randomized trial, Metabolic diseases
43 Sumida, Y.; Kanemasa, K.; Fukumoto, K.; Yoshida, N.; Sakai, K.
Effects of dietary iron reduction versus phlebotomy in patients with chronic hepatitis C
Results from a randomized, controlled trial on 40 Japanese patients
Intern Med, 2007, 46(10), 637-642
Purgative therapy, Bloodletting, Diet, Nutrition/diet, Hepatitis, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Gastrointestinal tract, Randomized trial
44 Zacharski, L.R.; Chow, B.K.; Howes, P.S.; Lavori, P.W.; Shamayeva, G.
Implementation of an iron reduction protocol in patients with peripheral vascular disease
VA cooperative study no. 410: the Iron (Fe) and Atherosclerosis Study (FeAST)
Am Heart J, 2004, 148(3), 386-392
Purgative therapy, Bloodletting, Arteriosclerosis, Cardiovascular diseases, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Randomized trial
45 Zhao, J.P.; Piao, Y.Z.; Wang, J.
Effect of acupuncture combined with blood-letting by a three-edged needle on 50 cases of Bell's palsy at the acute stage
J Trad Chin Med, 2010, 30(2), 118-121
Purgative therapy, Bloodletting, Acupuncture, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Muscle paralysis, Nervous system, Randomized trial, Traditional Chinese medicine, Bell's palsy
46 Cao, H.; Zhu, C.; Liu, J.
Wet cupping therapy for treatment of herpes zoster
A systematic review of randomized controlled trials
Altern Ther Health Med, 2010, 16(6), 48-54
Purgative therapy, Skin diseases, Herpes zoster, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Cupping, Systematic review
47 Zhang, Y.F.; Ren, G.F.; Zhang, X.C.
Acupuncture plus cupping for treating insomnia in college students
J Trad Chin Med, 2010, 30(3), 185-189
Purgative therapy, Acupuncture, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Mental diseases, Randomized trial, Sleep disorders, Cupping, Traditional Chinese medicine
48 Cesur, Ö.
Blutegeltherapie bei symptomatischer Rhizarthrose
Randomisierte kontrollierte Studie zur Wirksamkeit
EHK, 2011, 60(2), 69-76
Purgative therapy, Arthrosis, Leech therapy, Finger arthrosis, Gynaecology, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Randomized trial, Rheumatic diseases
49 Lauche, R.; Cramer, H.; Choi, K.-E.; Rampp, T.; Saha, F.; Dobos, G.; Musial, F.
Is a series of five dry cupping treatments effective in the treatment of chronic non-specific neck pain?
A randomised controlled pilot study
Eur J Integr Med, 2010, 2(4), 240-241 (Abstract; Symposiumsbeitrag)
Purgative therapy, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Neck, Randomized trial, Pain, Cupping
50 Kim, J.I.; Lee, M.S.; Lee, D.H.; Boddy, K.; Ernst, E.
Cupping for treating pain
A systematic review
eCAM, 2011, 2011, 467014; (1-7)
Purgative therapy, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Pain, Cupping, Systematic review
51 Seleznev, K.G.; Shchetinina, E.A.; Trophimenko, N.P.; Nikonov, G.I.; Baskova, I.P.
Use of the medicinal leech in the treatment of ear diseases
ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec, 1992, 54(1), 1-4
Purgative therapy, Leech therapy, Ear-nose-throat disorders, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Middle ear inflammation, Non-randomized trial, Ear noises
52 Cao, H.; Hu, H.; Liu, J.
Medicinal cupping therapy in 30 patients with fibromyalgia
A case series observation
Forsch Komplementärmed, 2011, 18(3), 122-126
Purgative therapy, Observational trial, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Fibromyalgia, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Rheumatic diseases, Cupping
53 Cramer, H.; Lauche, R.; Hohnemann, C.; Choi, K.-E.; Rampp, T.; Dobos, G.J.; Musial, F.
Schröpfen und chronischer Nackenschmerz
Teil I: Drei Schröpftechniken in der Behandlung von chronischen Nackenschmerzen
Albrecht, H., Frühwald, M. (Hrsg.): Jahrbuch der Karl und Veronica Carstens-Stiftung, Band 17 (2010), 2011, 103-117 (Dissertation)
Purgative therapy, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Low back pain, Neck pain, Randomized trial, Pain, Cupping, Chronic pain
54 Lauche, R.; Chramer, B.; Berger, B.; Dobos, G.J.; Musial, F.
Schröpfen und chronischer Nackenschmerz
Teil II: Körperschema
Albrecht, H., Frühwald, M. (Hrsg.): Jahrbuch der Karl und Veronica Carstens-Stiftung, Band 17 (2010), 2011, 119-123 (Dissertation)
Purgative therapy, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Low back pain, Neck pain, Non-randomized trial, Pain, Cupping, Chronic pain
55 Müller, M.; Lauche, R.; Schleenbecker, H.; Lüdke, R.; Musial, F.; Dobos, G.J.; Lengsfeld, M.
Behandlung der Gonarthrose mit Hirudo medicinalis (medizinischer Blutegel)
Auswirkungen auf das Schmerzempfinden und die mechanische Berührungsschwelle
Albrecht, H., Frühwald, M. (Hrsg.): Jahrbuch der Karl und Veronica Carstens-Stiftung, Band 17 (2010), 2011, 143-156 (Dissertation)
Purgative therapy, Arthrosis, Observational trial, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Leech therapy, leech, Clinical research, Knee arthrosis, Complementary and alternative medicine, Rheumatic diseases
56 Lauche, R.; Cramer, H.; Choi, K.-E.; Rampp, T.; Saha, F.J.; Dobos, G.J.; Musial, F.
The influence of a series of five dry cupping treatments on pain and mechanical thresholds in patients with chronic non-specific neck pain
A randomised controlled pilot study
BMC Complement Altern Med, 2011, 11, 63; (1-11)
Purgative therapy, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Neck pain, Randomized trial, Cupping
57 Afra, D.
Randomisierte kontrollierte Studie zur Wirksamkeit der Blutegeltherapie bei symptomatischer Epicondylitis lateralis humeri
2009, 1-93 (Dissertation)
Purgative therapy, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Leech therapy, Epicondylitis, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Randomized trial
58 Cesur, Ö.
Randomisierte kontrollierte Studie zur Wirksamkeit der Blutegeltherapie bei symptomatischer Rhizarthrose
2009, 1-87 (Dissertation)
Purgative therapy, Arthrosis, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Leech therapy, Finger arthrosis, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Randomized trial, Rheumatic diseases
59 Kim, J.I.; Kim, T.H.; Lee, M.S.; Kang, J.W.; Kim, K.H.; Choi, J.Y.; Kang, K.W.; Kim, A.R.; Shi, M.S.; Jung, S.Y.; Choi, S.M.
Evaluation of wet-cupping therapy for persistent non-specific low back pain
A randomised, waiting-list controlled, open-label, parallel-group pilot trial
Trials, 2011, 12, 146; (1-7)
Purgative therapy, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Low back pain, Randomized trial, Pain, Cupping, Chronic pain
60 Cramer, H.; Lauche, R.; Hohmann, C.; Choi, K. E.; Rampp, T.; Musial, F.; Langhorst, J.; Dobos, G.
Randomized controlled trial of pulsating cupping (pneumatic pulsation therapy) for chronic neck pain
Forsch Komplementärmed, 2011, 18(6), 327-334
Purgative therapy, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Neck pain, Randomized trial, Cupping
61 Stange, R.; Moser, C.; Hopfenmueller, W.; Mansmann, U.; Buehring, M.; Uehleke, B.
Randomised controlled trial with medical leeches for osteoarthritis of the knee
Complement Ther Med, 2012, 20(1-2), 1-7
Purgative therapy, Arthrosis, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Leech therapy, Clinical research, Knee arthrosis, Complementary and alternative medicine, Randomized trial, Rheumatic diseases
62 Lauche, R.
Der Einfluss von Blutigem und Trockenem Schröpfen auf chronische Nackenschmerzen, mechanische Perzeptions- und Schmerzschwellen sowie die Körperwahrnehmung
2011, 1-100 (Dissertation)
Purgative therapy, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Neck pain, Randomized trial, Pain, Cupping
63 Hui, F.; Boyle, E.; Vayda, E.; Glazier, R.H.
A randomized controlled trial of a multifaceted integrated complementary-alternative therapy for chronic herpes zoster-related pain
Altern Med Rev, 2012, 17(1), 57-68
Purgative therapy, Acupuncture, Skin diseases, Chinese medicinal herbs, Herpes zoster, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Meditation, Mind-body medicine, Nervous system, Neuralgia, Neural therapy, Randomized trial, Cupping, Traditional Chinese medicine
64 Lauche, R.; Cramer, H.; Haller, H.; Musial, F.; Langhorst, J.; Dobos, G.J.; Berger, B.
My back has shrunk
The influence of traditional cupping on body image in patients with chronic non-specific neck pain
Forsch Komplementärmed, 2012, 19(2), 68-74
Purgative therapy, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Neck pain, Randomized trial, Cupping
65 Huang, T.; Zhang, W.; Huang, X.; Tian, Y.; Wang, G.; Zhang, Y.; Wang, L.; Litscher, G.
Comparing the efficacy of traditional fire-cupping and high-tech vacuum-cupping using laser doppler imaging at an acupuncture clinic in Beijing
Med Acupunct, 2011, 23(1), 13-18
Purgative therapy, Blood/Lymphatic system, Healthy probands, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Non-randomized trial, Cupping, Traditional Chinese medicine
66 Farahmand, S.K.; Gang, L.Z.; Saghbi, S.A.; Mohammadi, M.; Mohammadi, S.; Mohammadi, G.; Ferns, G.A.; Zadeh, M.G.; Razmgah, G.G.; Ramazani, Z.; Ghayour-Mobarhan, M.; Azizi, H.
The effects of wet cupping on coronary risk factors in patients with metabolic syndrome
A randomized controlled trial
Am J Chin Med, 2012, 40(2), 269-277
Purgative therapy, Cardiovascular diseases, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Metabolic syndrome, Randomized trial, Cupping, Metabolic diseases
67 Raval, H.N.; Thakar, A.B.
Role of Raktamokshana by Jalaukavacharana and Siravedhana in the management of Vicharchika (eczema)
Ayu, 2012, 33(1), 68-72
Purgative therapy, Bloodletting, Ayurveda, Leech therapy, Eczema, Skin diseases, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Randomized trial
68 Lin, M.L.; Wu, H.C.; Hsieh, Y.H.; Su, C.T.; Shih, Y.S.; Lin, C.W.; Wu, J.H.
Evaluation of the effect of laser acupuncture and cupping with ryodoraku and visual analog scale on low back pain
eCAM, 2012, 2012, 521612; (1-7)
Purgative therapy, Acupuncture, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Laserneedle acupuncture, Low back pain, Placebo-controlled, Randomized trial, Cupping, Traditional Chinese medicine
69 Lauche, R.; Cramer, H.; Langhorst, J.; Dobos, G.
Wirksamkeit der Blutegeltherapie bei Kniearthrose
Eine systematische Übersichtsarbeit und Metaanalyse
Schmerz, 2012, 26(Suppl.1), 81 (Abstract)
Purgative therapy, Arthrosis, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Leech therapy, Clinical research, Knee arthrosis, Complementary and alternative medicine, Meta-analysis, Rheumatic diseases, Systematic review
70 Houschyar, K.S.; Lüdtke, R.; Dobos, G.J.; Kalus, U.; Broecker-Preuss, M.; Rampp, T.; Brinkhaus, B.; Michalsen, A.
Effects of phlebotomy-induced reduction of body iron stores on metabolic syndrome: results from a randomized clinical trial
BMC Med, 2012, 10, 54(1-8)
Purgative therapy, Bloodletting, High blood pressure, Cardiovascular diseases, Clinical symptoms, Complementary and alternative medicine, Metabolic syndrome, Randomized trial, Metabolic diseases
71 Bhagat, P.J.; Raut, S.Y.; Lakhapati, A.M.
Clinical efficacy of Jalaukawacharana (Leech application) in thrombosed piles
Ayu, 2012, 33(2), 261-263
Purgative therapy, Observational trial, Leech therapy, Hemorrhoids, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Gastrointestinal tract
72 Lauche, R.; Materdey, S.; Cramer, H.; Haller, H.; Stange, R.; Dobos, G.; Rampp, T.
Effectiveness of home-based cupping massage compared to progressive muscle relaxation in patients with chronic neck pain
A randomized controlled trial
PLoS ONE, 2013, 8(6), e65378; (1-9)
Purgative therapy, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Relaxation, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Mind-body medicine, Neck pain, Progressive muscle relaxation, Randomized trial, Cupping
73 Lauche, R.; Langhorst, J.; Dobos, G.J.; Cramer, H.
Clinically meaningful differences in pain, disability and quality of life for chronic nonspecific neck pain
A reanalysis of 4 randomized controlled trials of cupping therapy
Complement Ther Med, 2013, 21(4), 342-347
Purgative therapy, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Neck pain, Randomized trial, Cupping
74 Ma, Y.; Cui, J.; Huang, M.; Meng, K.; Zhao, Y.
Effects of Duhuojisheng Tang and combined therapies on prolapse of lumbar intervertebral disc
A systematic review
J Trad Chin Med, 2013, 33(2), 145-155
Purgative therapy, Acupuncture, Disc damage (intervertebral), Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Exercise therapy, Duhuojisheng Tang, Clinical research, Kombinationsarzneimittel, Complementary and alternative medicine, Manual therapy, Massage, Physical therapy, Cupping, Systematic review, Traditional Chinese medicine, Stretching
75 Teut, M.; Kaiser, S.; Ortiz, M.; Roll, S.; Binting, S.; Willich, S.N.; Brinkhaus, B.
Pulsatile dry cupping in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee
A randomized controlled exploratory trial
BMC Complement Altern Med, 2012, 12, 184; (1-9)
Purgative therapy, Arthrosis, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Randomized trial, Rheumatic diseases, Cupping
76 Cao, H.-J.; Yang, G.-Y.; Wang, Y.-Y.; Liu, J.-P.
Acupoint stimulation for acne
A systematic review of randomized controlled trials
Med Acupunct, 2013, 25(3), 173-194
Purgative therapy, Acne, Acupuncture, Skin diseases, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Moxibustion, Cupping, Systematic review, Traditional Chinese medicine
77 Emerich, M.
Lokale, mittels Mikrodialyse gemessene Stoffwechselveränderungen durch Schröpfen
Eine explorative, randomisierte Studie an Gesunden und Patienten mit chronischen Nackenschmerzen
2011, 1-81 (Dissertation)
Purgative therapy, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Neck pain, Randomized trial, Cupping
78 Kim, T.-H.; Kang, J.W.; Kim, K.H.; Lee, M.H.; Kim, J.E.; Kim, J.-H.; Lee, S.; Shin, M.-S.; Jung, S.-Y.; Kim, A.-R.; Park, H.-J.; Hong, K.E.
Cupping for treating neck pain in video display terminal (VDT) users
A randomized controlled pilot trial
J Occup Health, 2012, 54, 416-426
Purgative therapy, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Neck pain, Randomized trial, Cupping
79 Shiffa, M.; Siddiqui, M.A.; Sultana, A.; Zaman, F.; Fahamiya, N.; Akhtar, U.
Comparative clinical evaluation of leech therapy in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis
Eur J Integr Med, 2013, 5(3), 261-269
Purgative therapy, Arthrosis, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Leech therapy, Clinical research, Knee arthrosis, Complementary and alternative medicine, Randomized trial, Rheumatic diseases
80 Lauche, R.; Materdey, S.; Cramer, H.; Haller, H.; Stange, R.; Dobos, G.J.; Rampp, T.
Die Wirksamkeit einer zwölfwöchigen Heimanwendung der Schröpfkopfmassage bei Patienten mit chronischen Nackenschmerzen
Ergebnisse einer randomisiert-kontrollierten Studie
Albrecht, H., Frühwald, M. (Hrsg.): Jahrbuch der Karl und Veronica Carstens-Stiftung, Band 19 (2012), 2013, 25-42
Purgative therapy, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Relaxation, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Mind-body medicine, Neck pain, Progressive muscle relaxation, Randomized trial, Pain, Cupping, Chronic pain
81 Lauche, R.; Cramer, H.; Langhorst, J.; Dobos, G.
Cupping for chronic nonspecific neck pain
A 2-year follow-up
Forsch Komplementärmed, 2013, 20(5), 328-333
Purgative therapy, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Neck pain, Randomized trial, Pain, Cupping, Chronic pain
82 Bapat, R.D.; Acharya, B.S.; Juvekar, S.; Dahanukar, S.A.
Leech therapy for complicated varicose veins
Indian J Med Res, 1998, 107, 281-284
Purgative therapy, Observational trial, Leech therapy, Cardiovascular diseases, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Varicose veins
83 Saghaei, M.; Razavi, S.
Bloodletting acupuncture for the prevention of stridor in children after tracheal extubation
A randomised controlled study
Anaesthesia, 2001, 56(10), 961-964
Purgative therapy, Bloodletting, Acupuncture, Respiratory diseases, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Pediatrics, Postoperative complaints, Prevention, Randomized trial, Stridor, Traditional Chinese medicine
84 Créange, A.; Lefaucheur, J.P.; Balleyguier, M.O.; Galactéros, F.
Iron depletion induced by bloodletting and followed by rhEPO administration as a therapeutic strategy in progressive multiple sclerosis
A pilot, open-label study with neurophysiological measurements
Neurophysiol Clin, 2013, 43(5-6), 303-312
Purgative therapy, Bloodletting, Observational trial, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Multiple sclerosis, Nervous system, Neurophysiology, Physiology
85 Zacharski, L.R.; Shamayeva, G.; Chow, B.K.
Effect of controlled reduction of body iron stores on clinical outcomes in peripheral arterial disease
Am Heart J, 2011, 162(5), 949-957
Purgative therapy, Bloodletting, Occlusive arterial disease, Cardiovascular diseases, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Randomized trial
86 Markowski, A.; Sanford, S.; Pikowski, J.; Fauvell, D.; Cimino, D.; Caplan, S.
A pilot study analyzing the effects of Chinese cupping as an adjunct treatment for patients with subacute low back pain on relieving pain, improving range of motion, and improving function
J Altern Complement Med, 2014, 20(2), 113-117
Purgative therapy, Observational trial, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Low back pain, Cupping, Traditional Chinese medicine
87 Akbarzade, M.; Ghaemmaghami, M.; Yazdanpanahi, Z.; Zare, N.; Azizi, A.; Mohagheghzadeh, A.
The effect of dry cupping therapy at acupoint BL23 on the intensity of postpartum low back pain in primiparous women based on two types of questionnaires, 2012
A randomized clinical trial
Int J Comm Nurs Midwif, 2014, 2(2), 112-120
Purgative therapy, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Gynaecology, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Randomized trial, Back pain (non-specific), Cupping, Obstetrics
88 Arslan, M.; Yeşilçam, N.; Aydin, D.; Yüksel, R.; Dane, S.
Wet cupping therapy restores sympathovagal imbalances in cardiac rhythm
J Altern Complement Med, 2014, 20(4), 318-321
Purgative therapy, Observational trial, Healthy probands, Cardiovascular diseases, Cardiac arrhythmia, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Nervous system, Cupping, Vegetative nervous system
89 Xu, J.; Lin, R.; Wang, J.; Wu, Y.; Wang, Y.; Zhang, Y.; Xi, C.; Wu, Q.
Effect of acupuncture anesthesia on acne vulgaris of pricking-bloodletting cupping
A single-blind randomized clinical trial
J Trad Chin Med, 2013, 33(6), 752-756
Purgative therapy, Acne, Acupuncture, Skin diseases, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Randomized trial, Pain, Cupping, Traditional Chinese medicine
90 Huang, C.Y.; Choong, M.Y.; Li, T.S
Effectiveness of cupping therapy for low back pain
A systematic review
Acupunct Med, 2013, 31(3), 336-337
Purgative therapy, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Low back pain, Cupping, Systematic review
91 Farahmand, S.K.; Gang, L.Z.; Saghebi, S.A.; Mohammadi, M.; Mohammadi, S.; Mohammadi, G.; Ferns, G.A.; Ghanbari, M.; Razmgah, G.G.; Ramazani, Z.; Ghayour-Mobarhan, M.; Esmaily, H.; Azizi, H.
Does wet cupping on the interscapular region improve depression and anxiety?
FACT, 2014, 19(2), 64-69
Purgative therapy, Anxiety, Depression, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Metabolic syndrome, Mental diseases, Randomized trial, Cupping, Metabolic diseases
92 Sheeraz, M.; Quamari, M.A.; Ahmed, Z.
A comparative clinical study on the effects of Mehjama Nariya and Hijamat Bila Shart in Irqunnasa (sciatica)
Spatula DD, 2013, 3(4), 161-166
Purgative therapy, Ayurveda, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Nervous system, Neuralgia, Randomized trial, Cupping
93 Emerich, M.; Braeunig, M.; Clement, H.W.; Lüdtke, R.; Huber, R.
Mode of action of cupping--local metabolism and pain thresholds in neck pain patients and healthy subjects
Complement Ther Med, 2014, 22(1), 148-158
Purgative therapy, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Neck pain, Non-randomized trial, Cupping
94 Lauche, R.; Cramer, H.; Langhorst, J.; Dobos, G.
A systematic review and meta-analysis of medical leech therapy for osteoarthritis of the knee
Clin J Pain, 2014, 30(1), 63-72
Purgative therapy, Arthrosis, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Leech therapy, Clinical research, Knee arthrosis, Complementary and alternative medicine, Meta-analysis, Rheumatic diseases, Systematic review
95 Farahmand, S.K.; Gang, L.Z.; Saghebi, S.A.; Mohammadi, M.; Mohammadi, S.; Mohammadi, G.; Ferns, G.A.; Ghanbarzadeh, M.; Razmgah, G.G.; Ramazani, Z.; Ghayour-Mobarhan, M.; Esmaily, H.; Taghanaki, H.B.; Azizi, H.
The effects of wet cupping on serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and heat shock protein 27 antibody titers in patients with metabolic syndrome
Complement Ther Med, 2014, 22(4), 640-644
Purgative therapy, Immunomodulation, Immune system, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Metabolic syndrome, Randomized trial, Cupping, Metabolic diseases
96 Lauche, R.; Materdey, S.; Cramer, H.; Haller, H.; Stange, R.; Dobos, G.; Rampp, T.
The effect of a 3 months home use of cupping massage on chronic non-specific neck pain
Forsch Komplementärmed, 2013, 20(Suppl 3), 6 (Symposiumsbeitrag; Abstract)
Purgative therapy, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Relaxation, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Mind-body medicine, Progressive muscle relaxation, Randomized trial, Cupping
97 Kim, T.-H.; Kim, K.H.; Choi, J.-Y.; Lee, M.S.
Adverse events related to cupping therapy in studies conducted in Korea
A systematic review
Eur J Integr Med, 2014, 6(4), 434-440
Purgative therapy, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Cupping, Systematic review, Adverse effect
98 Müller, M.; Lauche, R.; Schleenbecker, H.; Lüdtke, R.; Lengsfeld, M.; Dobos, G.; Michalsen, A.; Musial, F.
Neurophysiological effects of hirudo medicinalis for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis
Forsch Komplementärmed, 2013, 20(suppl. 1), 33 (Abstract; Symposiumsbeitrag)
Purgative therapy, Arthrosis, Observational trial, Muscoskeletal -/Connective tissue system, Leech therapy, leech, Clinical research, Knee arthrosis, Complementary and alternative medicine, Rheumatic diseases
99 Houschyar, K.S.
Randomisierte Studie zum Wirksamkeitsnachweis des Aderlasses beim metablischen Syndrom
2011, 1-92 (Dissertation)
Purgative therapy, Bloodletting, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine, Metabolic syndrome, Randomized trial, Metabolic diseases
100 Shankar, K.M.P.; Rao, S.D.; Umar, S.N.; Gopalakrishnaiah, V.
A clinical trial for evaluation of leech application in the management of Vicarcika (Eczema)
Anc Sci Life, 2014, 33(4), 236-241
Purgative therapy, Observational trial, Leech therapy, Eczema, Skin diseases, Clinical research, Complementary and alternative medicine